“Quebrada de Humahuaca” a new GI for Northern Argentina

News / Trends / 5 November, 2015

By: Wines of Argentina

La Quebrada de Humahuaca, located in the province of Jujuy in Argentina, is a long, narrow, barren mountain valley with an asymmetrical profile that forms a natural corridor of about 170km in a north-south direction. In the extreme south is the town of Bárcena, 38km north of San Salvador de Jujuy, and at its northernmost point is the town of Tres Cruces, through which runs the Rio Grande de Jujuy, flanked to the west and north by the plateau of the Puna at 3,800 meters above sea level, on the east by the sub-Andean mountains and to the south by the temperate valleys. Along this 170km the height of the valley rises from 1,250 to 3,700 meters.

In 2003, UNESCO declared the Quebrada de Humahuaca a Natural and Cultural Heritage Site for its unique landscape and Quebradeña ecology, but in order to meet the requirements of Law 25,167 which legislates on the Designation and Presentation of Wines and Spirits of Vinous Origin of Argentina and INV, the implementing body, the producers considered a homogeneous central zone from an agro-climatic point of view.

The wine region covers an area of approximately 80km from north to south along Route 9, its geographical centre is the town of Tilcara and is bordered on the south by the town of Tumbaya and at its northern end by Humahuaca. The width is variable and is determined by the height of the adjacent land to the Rio Grande.

La Quebrada, in its north-south direction crosses various weather conditions, mainly influenced by altitude. Nevertheless, it is generally classified as mountainous, arid and continental. There is rainfall in the summer and the winters are very dry. Approximately 90% of the rainfall occurs during the months of December, January, February and March.

In the portion of the Quebrada protected by the GI, rainfall is around 150mm per year, and is therefore classified as desert. The territory is characterised by a marked thermal amplitude both seasonal and daily and can be defined as temperate with cold winter nights and sunny days. From the point of view water, the entire stretch is very homogeneous and winds are present in all seasons.

Within the GI, there are small vineyards dedicated to high quality winemaking grapes like Malbec, Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah and Pinot Noir. The temperature range, coupled with high heliophany produces a high polyphenol concentration in the flesh and skins, a high content of sugars in maturity and paradoxically, good acidity, resulting in fresh, complex, alcoholic wines with very intense colours, almost black with violet edges.

Despite the short time it has taken to develop the wine growing area with fine wine grapes in the area of the Quebrada de Humahuaca, its agro-climatic characterisation deserves its differentiation, recognition and protection by the National Wine Institute. The Resolution is the next thing to come into force.

Photo: Argentina Travel

Wines of Argentina
Wines of Argentina es la entidad que, desde 1993, promueve la marca y la imagen país de los vinos argentinos por el mundo dando a conocer todas las regiones productoras de Argentina. Además, ayuda a orientar la estrategia exportadora de Argentina estudiando y analizando los cambios que se dan en los mercados de consumo. Su misión es colaborar en la consolidación de Argentina entre los principales países exportadores de vino del mundo y contribuir al éxito global de la industria vitivinícola argentina a través de la construcción de la marca “VINO ARGENTINO”, procurando elevar la percepción positiva en el trade, los líderes de opinión y los consumidores. Wines of Argentina is the organization that, since 1993, promotes the Argentine wine brand and image worldwide, spreading knowledge of the winemaking regions of Argentina. In addition, WofA contributes to direct the country's export strategy by studying and analyzing changing trends in consumer markets. Its aim is to contribute to the consolidation of Argentina as one of the main wine exporting countries in the world and to the global success of the Argentine wine industry by enhancing its positive image in the wine trade, among opinion leaders and consumers. It currently provides services to member wineries from every Argentine wine region and helps them to promote their products around the world. It organizes numerous events such as fairs, trade shows, tastings and other activities in the USA, Canada, Latin America, Asia, Europe and elsewhere.

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